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Memcached HA架构探索  

2010-05-05 15:31:14|  分类: Linux |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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magent是一款开源的Memcached代理服务器软件,可以用它做一些高可用尝试。

一、安装步骤:
1、编译安装libevent:
wget http://monkey.org/~provos/libevent-1.4.9-stable.tar.gz
tar zxvf libevent-1.4.9-stable.tar.gz
cd libevent-1.4.9-stable/
./configure –prefix=/usr
make && make install
cd ../

2、编译安装Memcached:
wget http://danga.com/memcached/dist/memcached-1.2.6.tar.gz
tar zxvf memcached-1.2.6.tar.gz
cd memcached-1.2.6/
./configure –with-libevent=/usr
make && make install
cd ../

3、编译安装magent:
mkdir magent
cd magent/
wget http://memagent.googlecode.com/files/magent-0.5.tar.gz
tar zxvf magent-0.5.tar.gz
/sbin/ldconfig
sed -i “s#LIBS = -levent#LIBS = -levent -lm#g” Makefile
make
cp magent /usr/bin/magent
cd ../

二、高可用网络架构

magent_memcached
服务器A                                                                   服务器B

启动两个memcached进程,端口分别为11211和11212:
memcached -m 1 -u root -d -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11211
memcached -m 1 -u root -d -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11212

启动两个magent进程,端口分别为10000和11000:
magent -u root -n 51200 -l 127.0.0.1 -p 10000 -s 127.0.0.1:11211 -b 127.0.0.1:11212
magent -u root -n 51200 -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11000 -s 127.0.0.1:11212 -b 127.0.0.1:11211
-s 为要写入的memcached, -b 为备份用的memcached。
说明:测试环境用magent和memached的不同端口来实现,在生产环境中可以将magent和memached作为一组放到两台服务器上。

也就是说通过magent能够写入两个memcached。
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 10000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
set key 0 0 8                       <—在10000端口设置key的值
88888888
STORED
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 11211
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get key                     <—在11211端口获取key的值成功
VALUE key 0 8
88888888
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 11212
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get key                     <—在11212端口获取key的值成功
VALUE key 0 8
88888888
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.

高可用性测试:
[root@odb ~]# ps aux |grep -v grep |grep memcached
root     23455  0.0  0.0  5012 1796 ?        Ss   09:22   0:00 memcached -m 1 -u root -d -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11212
root     24950  0.0  0.0  4120 1800 ?        Ss   10:58   0:00 memcached -m 1 -u root -d -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11211
[root@odb ~]# ps aux |grep -v grep |grep ‘magent -u’
root     25919  0.0  0.0  2176  484 ?        Ss   12:00   0:00 magent -u root -n 51200 -l 127.0.0.1 -p 10000 -s 127.0.0.1:11211 -b 127.0.0.1:11212
root     25925  0.0  0.0  3004  484 ?        Ss   12:00   0:00 magent -u root -n 51200 -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11000 -s 127.0.0.1:11212 -b 127.0.0.1:11211
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 10000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
set stone 0 0 6                      <—在10000端口设置stone的值
123456
STORED
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 11000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
set shidl 0 0 6                      <—在11000端口设置shidl的值
666666
STORED
get stone                      <—在11000端口获取stone的值成功
VALUE stone 0 6
123456
END
incr stone 2                      <—在11000端口修改stone的值成功
123458
get stone
VALUE stone 0 6                     <—在11000端口验证stone的值,证明上面的修改成功
123458
END
get shidl                      <—在11000端口获取shidl的值成功
VALUE shidl 0 6
666666
END
quit                     <—退出11000端口
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 10000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get stone                      <—在10000端口获取stone的值,已被修改
VALUE stone 0 6
123458
END
get shidl                      <—在10000端口获取shidl的值成功
VALUE shidl 0 6
666666
END
delete shidl                      <—在10000端口删除shidl
DELETED
get shidl                      <—在10000端口删除shidl生效
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 11000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get shidl                      <—在11000端口验证删除shidl生效
END
get stone                      <—在11000端口获取stone的值成功
VALUE stone 0 6
123458
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.

Down机模拟测试:

Down掉11211端口的memcached:

[root@odb ~]# kill -9 24950
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 10000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get stone                      <—在10000依然可以获取stone的值
VALUE stone 0 6
123458
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 11000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get stone                      <—在11000依然可以获取stone的值
VALUE stone 0 6
123458
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.

Down掉11000端口的magent:

[root@odb ~]# kill -9 25925
[root@odb ~]# telnet 127.0.0.1 10000
Trying 127.0.0.1…
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is ‘^]’.
get stone                      <—在10000依然可以获取stone的值
VALUE stone 0 6
123458
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.
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